Urgent Appeal

Urgent Appeal

Emergency Appeal for  Somali Regional State of Ethiopia (Ogaden)
The Somali region of Ethiopia remains highly vulnerable to catastrophic potable water and food shortages and the crisis is not restricted to a few areas. Much of Gode, Warder, Fik, Qorehay, Dagahbur , Liban and Afder  Zones  are affected or at serious risk. Emergency reserves have so far staved off the worst water and food shortages but stocks are dangerously low and weather forecasts are not good.
Potable water and Food must be urgently pre-positioned in remote areas before people are at risk.

There is a pressing responsibility on the National and international community to respond quickly and effectively to find a solution to the problem. That is why Ogaden Welfare and Development Association to ask for help from International Community in alleviating the problem.

» Why has famine struck again?

The failure of the rains may have triggered the crisis in the Region but it is not the fundamental cause of the famine. The coping mechanisms of vulnerable communities are so fragile that minor climatic variations can result in crisis conditions. Alongside the emergency response, long-term investment is required to consolidate coping mechanisms and address food insecurity.
Government and Non-Government Organizations warned of the developing emergency and lobbied donors for responses well before the situation deteriorated. However, these systems have not elicited adequate and timely responses. Early warning systems are only effective if they are responded to in a timely fashion.
Ogaden Welfare and Development association offices and Representatives along the region,  have indicted that the famine situation is far worse in that region  than any other even 1999-2000 famine.  Close to 1,000,000 people are affected with many moving from rural areas to urban areas hoping to receive life-saving assistance from groups working throughout the area. , the people are fleeing from their Origin land searching for water and pasture for them and their livestock. Even the neighboring pastoralists from Somalia (Sol, Galgudud, etc) were moved in to the region which is adding fuel to the fire (conflict of water and pasture resource)
To save the lives of those living in the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia (Ogaden), immediate financial assistance is urgently required by all agencies to purchase food from the remaining food-surplus areas within Ethiopia. Food surplus expected from overseas will arrive much too late to save many of those lives.
» Not just an emergency response – developing ling-term, sustainable program
Ultimately, food aid is not the solution to the region’s problems. The solution to the region’s ongoing food crisis is in developing long-term food security policies that will ensure a steady food supply despite the climatic conditions. If the National and International community is serious about averting this and future famines in Ethiopia, it should be prepared to invest serious funding into long-term development programs. It is a question of looking further and to replace assets to reduce vulnerability, to prevent this happening again.
The Rehabilitation and self-sustainability for the famine and displaced population. The extensive Webe Shebelle River in the south east of the country is being considered for an irrigation scheme to assist the Internal Displaced people to resettle and establish farm and vegetable plots for future food supplies.
Most importantly, the cycle of crisis must be broken. The people in the need peace, more development assistance, and debt relief. Commitment to them in these efforts must be sustained
We anticipate your Urgent Humanitarian respond of this Appeal; please donate what ever is appropriate to you through the following Account:
                                                Ogaden Welfare and Development Association
                                                A/C No: 003
                                                Wegagen Bank, Meskel Branch
                                                Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Or Contact:
                                                Tel: +251 921 5932 Fax: +251 153 7051
                                                E-mail: owda@telecom.net.et

CORE Group Polio Project

Donor: Core Group USAID.

Project Type: Development

Location: Warder, Danod, Daratole, Galadi, Bokh, Gode, Kalafo, Mustahil, and Fer-Fer.  

Project About: The current national potential health service coverage stands very low and the availability and quality of health service provision is generally poor, with significant regional disparities in access to basic health care service. The situation of Somali region is worst when it is compared to the other regions of Ethiopia due to pastoralist life style with lack of supporting policy, pastoral populations that move from place to place with their flocks, creating a challenge to provide health service for the population in general and for children and mothers to reach immunization services in particular.

The heath extension program is the flagship of the health delivery system in Ethiopia. The HEWs are the core of the HEP to work in collaboration with community health promoters. Community health promoters extend the reach of HEWs into communities, focus on improving household health practices by serving as role models, and negotiate with caretakers on doable actions.

The government recently designed a new approach to extend health promotion and disease prevention services through the Health Development Army (HDA). One individual, especially female, is responsible for taking care of five households to lead the momentum of utilizing existing services and can directly influence care-seeking practices at the household level.

Malaria, acute respiratory infections, and diarrheal disease remain the most common diseases in Ethiopia, the threat of vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio, Measles, and NNT is very significant. In August 2020, Africa declared its polio-free status, but the region is affected by repeated outbreaks of cVDPV. It needs more robust surveillance and outbreaks responses to maintain the gains achieved.

The project focuses on eradicating polio through mass vaccination campaigns (SIAs), strengthening immunization systems, and community-based surveillance.  The vast experience and geographic presence provide an excellent opportunity to synergise the detection and notification of priority zoonotic diseases.  In 2019, CGPP received additional funds to support Ethiopia’s health security program by integrating community-based surveillance for three priority zoonotic diseases – Anthrax, Rabies, and Brucellosis. In this connection, CORE Group Polio – Global Health Security (CGP-GHS) Project has been working on three VPDs and three PZDs to enhance community-based surveillance through one health and community-centered approach.

Based on the guideline provided by WHO, Ethiopia has adapted the four strategies to eradicate polio. These are achieving high routine immunization coverage, supplemental immunization activities, Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) surveillance, and mop-up campaigns.

RATIONALE of the project.

Ethiopia is sustaining wild polio free status for the last more than six years. To sustain its polio-free status, communities play an important role in preventing, detecting, and responding to infectious diseases and disease threats. A community can help contain and control infectious disease threats, limiting the geographic spread, and saving lives. The CORE Group Polio Project builds upon its existing community-based polio and immunization programs to strengthen community capacities to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease threats.

OWDA believes in expanding and extending its vast community-level intervention to other national public health priorities. Hence, it integrates Priority Zoonotic Diseases (PZDs) into its existing Community-Based VPD Surveillance system that can contribute a lot to the national surveillance system, particularly in the hard to reach pastoralist and along the international borders of the countries. Moreover, the existing community-based intervention, such as newborn tracking for polio birth dose and immunization activities, will continue in this FY.

STRATEGIES: The community is key to outbreak and epidemic preparedness. CGP-GHS Project will build upon its existing, community-based polio and immunization programs to strengthen and expand existing community capacities to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease threats in Ethiopia. CGP-GHS project activities overlaid on as many of the CORE NGO programs in-country as feasible while playing a leading role in Community Based VPD Surveillance. There will be no stand-alone CGPP or GHS grants; all will be add-ons to existing NGO efforts. Recognizing that an effective ‘last-mile’ supply chain is crucial for a rapid, efficient response, the Global Health Security component under the CORE Group Polio Project and GHS programs will also collaborate with other USAID GHSA partners in Ethiopia.

BENEFICIARIES: OWDA is committed to implement the full component of polio eradication and PZD Surveillance activities in 134 Kebeles in 10 Woredas in Somali region. The project will target a total population of 1,243,909 in a duration of five year of which 658,025 are under fifteen 154,444 are under five, and 43,829 are under one; and years old.